Western Balkans and EU - Part 34

posted by julia on 2007/06/05 09:29

[ Western Balkans and EU ]

In a paper on "Implementing the Ahtisaari Proposal: The European Union’s Future Role in Kosovo", published by the Centre for Applied Policy Research (CAP) of Munich University, Dominik Tolksdorf analyses the challenges the EU will be facing in Kosovo, comparing the role of the EU in Kosovo to the EU's role in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Tolksdorf sees the "Ahtisaari model" as more efficient than the "Bosnian model", as Kosovar politicians (most of them representing the majority community) will probably assume more responsibilities and ownership of the process. Nevertheless, some "lessons learned" from BiH must be taken into account in Kosovo:

In contrast to the Dayton and UNMIK models, the ICR should play the role of an "arbitrator" rather than that of a "proconsul".

The EU should pay special attention to the recruiting and training of personnel for the ESDP mission. The ESDP rule of law mission will be - for the first time in the history of the EU (= another lesson learned from BiH) - not only tasked with monitoring and mentoring, but also with executive policing tasks.

There will be a great need for co-ordination, and maybe the Kosovo mission will lead to the development of further co-ordination mechanisms: between the different EU pillars in Kosovo (there is often no clear dividing line between Pillar I Community assistance programmes, Pillar II civilian crisis management, and Pillar III justice co-operation programmes), the different institutions (Commission - Council), and between the different EU-related institutions/offices on the ground in Kosovo (UNMIK Pillar IV, EU Commission Liaison Office, European Agency for Reconstruction, EU Monitoring Mission, International Civilian Office, EU Planning Team)... and of course, co-ordination mechanisms between EU and non-EU institutions, e.g. EU police and KFOR in combatting organised crime.

According to D. Tolksdorf, "an essential precondition for the success of the Ahtisaari proposal is that the EU, and particularly its member states, must demonstrate a clear commitment to making Kosovo 'fit for Europe'" and provide the necessary political, financial, and human resources.



This weblog is a forum for discussion on the political and social processes linked to EU integration in the Western Balkans. We would also like to use this space to create a virtual network of researchers on this topic. You are most welcome to contribute to this weblog with comments, postings, links, or photos. Please use the "add comment" function at the end of each posting!
All photos by the Photo Arts Collective of Kosovo. First photo by Burim Myftiu (Swimming olympiade in Klina). Second photo by Mimoza. Third photo by Dashmir Izairi.
> RSS Feed RSS 2.0 feed for Kakanien Revisited Blog SEE-EU