Gabriella Ivacs

Chief Archivist, OSA Archivum


Emerging Archives / Parallel Archives


New Digital Distribution Model

  • Free Information Exchange
  • Rights Management
  • Commons
  • Interoperability of systems
Open Standards
  • public assessment and use without constraints
  • not any components or extensions that have dependencies on formats or protocols that do not meet the definition of an Open Standard
  • free from legal or technical clauses that limit its utilisation
  • managed and further developed independently of any single vendor in an open  process open
  • available in multiple complete implementations
Open Document Format
  • open XML-based document file format for displaying, storing and editing office documents, such as spreadsheets, charts, and presentations.
  • application-independent file format by OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards)
  • approved by ISO and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) as an
Open Formats and the Social Impact
  • Long -term access to information
  • Platform independent
  • Complies with constitutional rights: equal opportunity, access to information, decreases the digital divide
What is Open Access?
  • immediate
  • permanent
  • free online access

The Open Content: Digital Distribution of Content  for Fair Use

How about Archives?

Conditions for Trusted Digital Archives

  • System: make conscious decisions about IT infrastructure, preservation plan
  • Standards: XML, ISADG, ODF, DC stb.
  • Access: Declassification, policies and procedures, modern reference services (off line and online)
  • Content: item level processing, good metadata, context, digital images and text
  • Sustainability: business plan and risk management
  • Professionals: archivist as information brokers, merging roles

Case Study:Trusted Repository/ Soros Network Archival Portal (SNAP)

Attributes of the Parallel Archive as a Potential Model for Open Archives

  • Folksonomy  vs. Hierarchy
  • Individual/Community needs  vs. Institutional needs
  • Thematic Collections vs. Collections based on Provenance
  • United Collections vs.  Dispersed Collections
  • Sharing  vs. Individualistic Approach
  • Persistent URLs vs. Existing citation models
  • Enhanced Access to Primary Sources vs. Secondary Sources
  • Preservation Service vs. Centralized Preservation
  • Multilingual, Crossdisciplinary vs. National, language centered
  • New Business Model vs. Non-profit Institution
  • Visibility vs. Isolation
Constrains and Challenges to Make Archival Content Accessible
  • Folksonomy can lead to chaos and delay high quality research
  • Intellectual Altruism?or Marketing?
  • Losing Context for Archival Records
  • Huge Preservation Capacity
  • Technology issues
  • Language Barriers
  • Legal Issues, IPRs, Copyright, Archival Act, Secrecy, Privacy
  • Sustainibility
  • Spontaneous Digitization, lack of Best Practices, Standards
  • How to deliver archival content to Publishers?
Case Study: Parallel Archive

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