Süd/Osteuropäer als Vampire: Draculas Karriere vom blutrünstigen Tyrannen zum mythischen Blutsauger. Prolegomena zu einer Literaturgeschichte des Vampirismus IIAutoren
Clemens Ruthner, Antwerpen
This contribution shows how the cruel Walachian prince Vlad Dracula (15th century) was turned into a Transylvanian vampire by the Irish writer Bram Stoker in the 1890s, creating an artificial myth of great popular proliferance. Thus, the literary vampire was definitively given a Southeast-European face, as an erratic image of the Other of Western "civilization".
Moreover, the contribution examines which Central European sources Stoker could have used to get background information about the history and culture/s of Romania, or Transylvania, respectively - a region the author had never seen with his own eyes: was it contemporary orientalism and folklore studies (Armin Vambéry, Budapest; F. Max Müller, Oxford; and others) or just the travelogues of his days, that turned Stoker into the "fantastic Karl May" of English literature around 1900?