Von Messbechern, Klöstern und Waisenhäusern oder Vampire, Galizien und langes 19. JahrhundertAutoren
Christoph Augustynowicz, Wien
Leopold Sacher-Masoch, who broke many Christian taboos and had a strong affinity to local colour, Karl Emil Franzos, the Jewish journalist, who was close to the German national movement, Bertha Pappenheim, a Jewish traveller of the periphery, who was sensitive to social and gender roles: all of them discussed the belief in vampires in Galicia – some more explicitly than others – and incorporated it into the dominant discourse about Galicia.
The 18th-century discourse about vampires crossed the peripheries, it came from popular belief and its scientific counter-discourse, from administration and journalism. The image of the vampire has always been a social metaphor, too. The three above-mentioned authors referred to the Jews in Galicia by using this metaphor in one or the other way.
The paper explores how these authors found and formed their image of the vampire. History of mentality and social history are the main methods for doing so.