Die Macht der Geografie. Infrastrukturen, Sicherheitszonen und Lebenschancen - aufgezeigt am Westjordanland und dem israelisch-palästinensischen KonfliktAutoren
Rudolf Maresch, Regensburg
Space is a fundamental category for any form of power. It is also a medium of social relations, articulated as physical and symbolic distance. The production and control of space is thus crucial to any execution of power, representing its potency, reproducing its social order, and neutralizing and naturalizing its objectives through planning processes that lead to a specific physical layout. Any claim to power and property manifests and institutionalizes itself in the act of territorialization. Architecture is a prominent practice of the organization of space like the studies of Jeremy Bentham and Michel Foucault shows us. It formed a specific understanding of boundaries and the means of separation: interior/exterior, private/public, legal/illegal.
There have been many voices claiming, that the decisive borders of today’s social order can no longer be defined in space thanks to the impact of new media and the advent of the information and telecommunications revolution. This is seemingly true but a closer look bears witness not only a massive fragmentation of the landscape but also the production of hermetic spaces and territorial and legal islands.
Israel, the Palestinians and the conflict around the West Bank and the Gaza Strip are a laboratory and a very important point for the display of current processes of spatial production. They allow us a deep glimpse of an arsenal of extremes whose examination presents us with a tool for understanding social and political processes of power on a global level.